Aquaculture involves practices of breeding, raising and harvesting of aquatic products such as fishes, shellfish and plants. As global human consumptions for aquatic products increases, many turn to aquaculture practices to meet growing demands while maintain healthy wild stocks.
Ocean Fin-Fish Fresh Water Fin-Fish Crustaceans Shellfish & Molluscans Aquaponics Algae
BEER, WINE AND BEVERAGES
Beverages such as beer and wines are produced by fermenting barley, grapes and rice. The production of alcoholic beverages utilizes an abundance of water, and generates large volumes of organic waste/ wastewater that has much potential for reuse.
Breweries Vineyards Liquor & Spirits Distilleries Taprooms
Animal milk is harvested and is processed into packaged and commercial goods. Milk is processed through fermentation and formulated with other components to produce various dairy products. Water used and wastewater generated during processing needs to be of standard quality to ensure responsible and ethical production.
Milk Butter Cheese Yogurt Whey Protein Condensed Milk Dairy Desserts
SEMICONDUCTORS & MICROELECTRONICS
The integration of digitalization into modern livelihood becomes exponentially crucial and our reliance to such technologies ever increases. Electronics such as handphones, computer and the IoT (Internet of things) carries algorithms that requires the use of semiconductor chips and other several microelectronics. Ultra-Pure Water is essential in the fabrication of semiconductors and it requires raw water processing to be generated.
Chip Fabs Diodes & Transistors Integrated Circuit Chips Microprocessors Consumer Electronics Electronic components
Ports plays an important role for the global economy with 70% of international supply chain trades passing through ports. Storm runoff from ports carries chemicals, sediments and oils into waterways and can cause environmental pollution on waterways and impact local ecology.
Seaports Cargo Ports Fishing Ports Dry Ports Inland Ports
WATER & "WASTE" WATER UTILITIES
Water is essential for municipal and industrial uses. Overall clean freshwater resources are dwindling. Water treatment facilities collects seawater and brackish water to be processed into potable water. Wastewater facilities collects municipal wastewater to be treated and discharge safely to the environment.
Municipal Sewage Facilities Industrial Sewage Water Treatment Facilities Stormwater drains and sewers Desalination Plant Municipal Water treatment Facilities
Industrial chemicals production converts raw materials of natural gas, water, air, oil, metals and minerals into a plethora of products. The chemical products produced are crucial for the global economy with production of plastics, pesticides and organic solvents. During production process, large volume of wastewater containing various contaminants are produced as byproducts.
Electrochemical Plastics Rubber Petrochemical Pesticides Organics Explosives
Beauty care and cosmetics are used globally and its products are composed of synthetic chemicals, naturally-based organics or a blend of both. Some products incorporate the use of microplastics that accumulates in oceans. Hence, along with paint and other organic wastes in wastewater generated, has to be properly treated for safe disposal to the environment.
Skincare Haircare Bath and Body Makeup Fragrances Hygiene Products
FOOD & BEVERAGES
The F&B industry consists of a wide range of products that includes from food manufacturing and processing, retail transport and distribution and food preparation service such as restaurants and cafes. The industry is a mass producer of FOG wastes found in wastewater. Highly organic wastewater can serve as a platform for reuse.
Processed Food Facilities Restaurants, Cafes and Pubs Beverages Bread and Milling Facilities Meat Processing facility
OIL & GAS MINING
The extraction of natural resources such as oil, gas and precious metals is projected to grow to keep up with market demands. Consequentially, the produced wastewater and mining leachate generated will too upscale in volume. Produced water from natural resources drilling carries sediment, metals and radioactive particles to surface that needs effective water treatment to ensure environmental and public safety.
Upstream Fracking wastewater Oil & Gas Refinery Mining Wastewater & leachates Mining sweet water
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